Understanding Cataracts: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Cataracts are a common eye condition that primarily affects older individuals. They develop when the natural lens of the eye becomes cloudy, resulting in blurred vision and, in severe cases, significant visual impairment.

Concorde Medical Group’s Ophthalmology division specializes in the treatment of cataracts and other eye conditions. Our ophthalmologist, Dr. Susan Margolis, will discuss your symptoms and determine what treatment options will work best for you. To visit our Eye clinic in NYC, please call (212) 725-5153 or request an appointment online.

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What Are Cataracts?

Cataracts refer to the clouding of the eye’s lens, which is usually clear and transparent. The lens plays a crucial role in focusing light onto the retina at the back of the eye, enabling clear vision. When cataracts form, the lens becomes opaque, causing vision problems.

Regular eye exams and early detection play a crucial role in maintaining optimal eye health.

Causes of Cataracts:

Several factors contribute to the development of cataracts, including:


Cataracts are most commonly associated with aging and occur naturally over time.

Prolonged Sun Exposure

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun can increase the risk of developing cataracts.

Chronic Diseases

Conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and obesity can raise the likelihood of cataract formation.

Eye Injuries

Trauma to the eye can lead to cataracts, even years after the injury.


Certain medications, such as corticosteroids, can increase the risk of cataracts.

What are the Symptoms of Cataracts?

Recognizing the signs of cataracts is crucial for early detection and treatment. Common symptoms include:

  • Blurred Vision: Objects may appear hazy or less sharp
  • Sensitivity to Light: Increased sensitivity to bright lights or glare
  • Color Distortion: Colors may appear faded or yellowed
  • Difficulty with Night Vision: Reduced vision in low-light conditions
  • Frequent Changes in Eyeglass Prescription: Needing new eyeglass prescriptions more often

Diagnosis and Evaluation

If you suspect you have cataracts, an eye care professional can perform various tests, including:

  • Visual Acuity Test: Measures how well you see at various distances.
  • Slit-Lamp Examination: Uses a specialized microscope to examine the structures of the eye.
  • Retinal Examination: Checks for any underlying eye conditions or damage.
  • Refraction Test: Determines the correct eyeglass prescription.

What are the treatment options for cataracts?

Eyeglasses or Contact Lenses: In the early stages of cataracts, vision correction may be achieved through updated prescriptions.

Surgery: When cataracts significantly impact your daily life, surgery may be recommended. During the procedure, the cloudy lens is removed and replaced with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL).

Lifestyle Modifications: Wearing sunglasses, using anti-glare coatings, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help slow down cataract progression.

How can I find treatment?

If you suspect you have cataracts or experience any changes in your vision, it’s important to see an ophthalmologist you can trust.

Give us a call. We understand that living with cataracts can be challenging and may affect your daily life and overall well-being. However, we want to reassure you that you are not alone in this journey. There is support and hope available to help you overcome the difficulties posed by cataracts and regain your visual clarity.

Schedule Your Cataract Consultation Today

Cataracts can be a life altering condition, and we are here to help you with treatment and follow-up care. If you have symptoms of cataracts, please contact Concorde Medical Group to discuss your diagnosis and the treatment options best for you at our Eye clinic on Madison Avenue and 61st Street.  To schedule an appointment with our ophthalmologist, Dr. Susan Margolis, please call (212) 725-5153 or request an appointment online today.

Request an Appointment